Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific Railroad Company     Chicago, Milwaukee &  Puget Sound Railroad Company     Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad Company     The Milwaukee & St. Paul 
 


"Over the Mountains and down to the Sea"

   The St. Paul Electrification

1907-1949           

Electrification 1950-1977                              

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Special Collections

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1915 GE Technical/1915 GE Technical.htm

 King of the Rails

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Drexel, Montana

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

East Portal Substation Construction

East Portal Substation, 1915

Tarkio Substation, 1915

Primrose Substation construction, Grass Valley Montana

Primrose Substation, 1915

Primrose Substation construction

Primrose Substation, 1915

 

Article Index

 

GN Electrified Zones, Operating Schedule, December 4, 1949 [Dave Sprau Collection]

Train Orders, Locomotive Test of GE 750, "Little Joe" Electric Locomotive, April-May, 1949 [Allen Miller Collection]

Edwin H. Bowers, "Milwaukee Electrification," Trains, July, 1941

F.H. Craton and H.W. Pinkerton, "Operation of 3,000-volt Locomotives of the Cleveland Union Terminal" presented at A.I.E.E. convention, New York City, January 23-27, 1933.

Myles E. Robinson, "The Evolution of Steam Railroad Electrification," The Journal of Land and Public Utility Economics, 8:2, May, 1932.

"America's Longest Electrified Railroad," Advertisement, July, 1929.

"Electrification of Steam Railroads," National Electric Light Association Committee Report, September, 1928

Westinghouse, "The Largest and Most Powerful High-speed Passenger Locomotive," June 1927. Promotional Pamphlet

E. Marshall, "Great Northern Electrification," Railway Age, November 14, 1925

"St. Paul's Electrification Shows Economies Over Steam", Railway Age, June 14, 1924

Westinghouse Electric Co., "Westinghouse Railroad Data," June, 1924.

1922

Engineering and Contracting, "Hydroelectric Power Development: Why Certain Sections of the St. Paul Were Electrified," December 20, 1922

W.E. Symons, "Can Our Railroads Come Back?" Railway and Locomotive Engineering, December, 1922

Victor Appleton. "Tom Swift and his Electric Locomotive, or, Two Miles a Minute on the Rails," 1922.

C.F. Loweth, "Hydroelectric Power Development as Related to the Electrification of Railroads," Proceedings, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1922

W.J. Davis, Jr, "Some Arguments for Railroad Electrification," General Electric Review, December, 1922.

Engineering and Contracting, "Notes on the Operation of the Electrified Line of the C.M. & St.P., November 15, 1922

H.H. Cochrane, "Water Power Resources of Montana," General Electric Review, October, 1922.

The Magazine of Wall Street, "Reader's Roundtable, Railroad Electrification," August 5, 1922

Railway and Locomotive Engineering, "Progress in Steam Railway Electrification," August, 1922

S.T. Dodd, "Electrification of Mainline Railroads," General Electric Review, July, 1922.

O.P. Dobie, "A Public Utility with a Brilliant Future," The Magazine of Wall Street, June 24, 1922

New York Times, "Water Power to Aid Railroad Growth," June 12, 1922.

Frank Rusch, "Advantage of Electrical Operation in Mountain Districts," General Electric Review, June, 1922 -- Rusch was Milwaukee's Tacoma Superintendent of Motive Power

"Chicago Company Section Meeting," AREA, June, 1922

R. Beeuwkes, "Effects of Electric Power Used for Traction," Railway Age, May 6, 1922

W.D. Bierce, Netherlands Railway Electrification Commission Report, General Electric Review, May, 1922 -- reasons for choosing 1500 v DC.

Electric Traction, "Large Cargo of Silk Sent Over Electric Line," April, 1922

Joseph Preston, "Why Electrification of Railroads Would Increase Profits," The Magazine of Wall Street, March 18, 1922

Herbert Quick, "The Solution to the Railway Problem," The Saturday Evening Post, March 11, 1922

P.W. Forsburg, "Control Equipment of Paulista Locomotives," General Electric Review, March, 1922

The Magazine of Wall Street, "A Selection of High Grade Utility Stocks," February 4, 1922 -- NP GN CBQ electrifications delayed by war

W.S. Murray, "The Superpower System as an Answer to National Power Policy," General Electric Review, February, 1922 (MILW electrification maintenance costs in Appendix)

Proceedings of the Society of Automotive Engineers, "Railway Electrification," January, 1922

Railway and Locomotive Engineering, "Electrification No Panacea," January, 1922

1921

Current Opinion, "Can Railroads Save Money by Electrifying?" December, 1921

N.W. Storer, "The Electric Locomotive," Journal of the Franklin Institute, October, 1921

Electric Railway Journal, "Electric Locomotives in Two Wrecks," August 21, 1921

"Instructions for Substation Operation," August, 1921, CM&St.P. (Jonathan Bradley Collection).

W.S.H. Hamilton, "The Use of Helpers in Electric Train Operation," Railway Age, February 18, 1921

W.S.H. Hamilton, "Electric Motive Power in Freight Train Service," Railway Age, February 4, 1921

T.A. Durkin, Jr., "New Two Hundred Seventy-Five Ton Passenger Locomotives," Electric Traction, February, 1920

Charles Frederick Carter, "The Case for the Steam Locomotive," Scientific American, January 22, 1921

W.S.H. Hamilton, "Train Handling with Electric Locomotives," Railway Age, January 21, 1921

Power, "Interconnection of Hydroelectric Power in the Northwest," January 18, 1921

"The Electrification of Steam Railroads," Railway Age, January 7, 1921


Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul, Comparison of Steam vs. Electrification Operation, Internal Study, 1921

Donald Frey, "History of N.P. Locomotives," excerpt re: Electrification, Master's Thesis, University of Montana, 1970.


E. Sears, "Snow Fighting Methods on the C.M. & St. P.," Electric Journal, January, 1921

Railway Maintenance of Way Employes Journal, "Lower Rates and Fares," January, 1921

EMF Electrical Yearbook, "Advantages and Economies of Electrification," 1921

EMF Electrical Yearbook, "Development of Electric Railways," 1921


1920

"Over the Mountains by Electric Power," Milwaukee Road Brochure

Electric Railway Journal, "Power Economy Outside the Powerhouse," December 18, 1920

Scientific American, "Direct vs. Alternating Current," December 18, 1920

Engineering News-Record, "Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Electrification," December 2, 1920

Mechanical Engineering, "Steam vs. Electric Locomotives," December, 1920

Popular Science Monthly, "Over the Rockies by Waterfall," December, 1920

Electric Traction, "New CM&St.P. Electric Locomotive on Exhibition," December, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "Relative Advantages of Modern Steam and Electric Locomotives," November 13, 1920

American Lumberman, "Lumber Shipped in Coast Built Cars," November 6, 1920  Boxcabs on head end; first unit train

Electric Railway Journal, "The Electric Locomotive Pro and Con," "Advantages of the Steam Locomotive," "Remarks of the Chief of Motive Power, New York Central," "Coal Consumption on Steam Locomotives," "Mr. Beeuwkes Quoted," "Maintenance of Electric Locomotives Affected by Overload," "Virtues of the Electric Locomotive Extolled," "Mr. Beeuwkes Sends a Contribution," October 30, 1920

John E. Muhlfeld, "The Modern Steam Locomotive," Electric Railway Journal, October 23, 1920

A.H. Armstrong, "The Electric Locomotive in Heavy Traction," Electric Railway Journal, October 23, 1920

F.H. Shepard, "Transportation Possibilities with Electric Locomotives,"  Electric Railway Journal, October 23, 1920

Scientific American, "Seventy Five Years Growth of Steam Railroads," October 2, 1920

A.H. Armstrong, "The Electric Locomotive in Heavy Traction," Electric Railway Journal, October 23, 1920


R. Beeuwkes, "Electric Power Consumption on the Rocky Mountain and Missoula Divisions of the C.M.&St.P Rwy," General Electric Review, September, 1920

The Railway Worker, "New Giant Locomotive Recalls Evolution of Transportation," September, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "Electric Locomotives Prove Sturdy Under Strenuous Circumstances," August 28, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "Economic Conditions Increasingly Favor Electrification of Steam Railroads, August 28, 1920


Electric Railway Journal, "Electric Locomotives in Two Wrecks," August 21, 1920

Robert Carlson Brown, "Electrification in Brazil," Scientific American, August 14, 1920

William Easton, "Electricity to Supersede Steam as Railroad Power," The Magazine of Wall Street, August 7, 1920

R. Beeuwkes, "St. Paul Electrification Results," Electric Railway Journal, July 31, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "Power Factor and Load Factor Important on Energy Contracts," July 31, 1920

The Magazine of Wall Street, "Earling Says No More Electrification," July 10, 1920

M.S. Coover, "Electrification of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Between Harlowton, Montana and Avery, Idaho," Colorado Journal of Engineering, July, 1920

Electric Traction, "Electrification of Steam Roads Will Save 122 Million Tons of Coal," July, 1920. Address by Frank Kerr, MPC, to NELA.


Electric Railway Journal, "Design, Maintenance, and Operation of Electric Railway Rolling Stock," June 12, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "Locomotive for the Paulista Electrification," June 12, 1920

F. H. Shepard, "The Milwaukee Electrification," Electric Railway Journal, June 12, 1920

Proceedings, American Railroad Association, Section III -- Mechanical, "Reports on GN, BA&P and St. Paul Electrifications," June 9, 1920

C.C. Whitaker, "Layout of Apparatus for the Cab of C.M. & St. P Locomotives," The Electric Journal, June, 1920

Electric Traction, "American Concern Gets Big South American Railway Contract," June, 1920

Electrical World, "Steam Railroad Electrification," May 29, 1920


R. Beeuwkes, "Notes on the C.M. & St. P Electrification," Electric Railway Journal, May 29, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "NELA Discusses Heavy Traction," May 22, 1920

Electrical World, Detail articles on the Montana Power Company, the Washington Water Power Company and Puget Sound Power & Light, May 8, 1920

R. Beeuwkes, "Notes on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Electrification," Proceedings, N.E.L.A., May, 1920


A.H. Armstrong, "The Future of Our Railways," May, 1920, Paper presented at NELA convention.

A.H. Armstrong, "The Last Stand of the Reciprocating Steam Engine," Scientific American, May, 1920

Electrical World, "Reinier Beeuwkes," April 24, 1920

Electrical World, "American Equipment for First South American Main Line Electrification, April 24, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "Paulista Railway Electrification," April 24, 1920

Electrical World, "Denver & Rio Grande Electrification Plans Revived," April 17, 1920

J.J. Linebaugh, "Holding Down Load Peaks on the St. Paul," Electric Railway Journal, April 10, 1920

Electrical World, "Three Thousand Volt Motor-Generator Sets ," April 10, 1920

B.S. Beach, "The Electric Railroad Over the Rockies," Scientific American, April 3, 1920

Developments in 1919, General Electric Review, April, 1920

E.A. Batwell, "Electrifying the Milwaukee," Stone & Webster Journal, April, 1920

E.S. Johnson, "Electrification of the Coast and Cascade Divisions of the C.M.&St.P.Ry.," General Electric Review, April, 1920.

A.H. Armstrong, "Last Stand of the Reciprocating Steam Engine," General Electric Review, April, 1920.

A. Mauduit, "Summary of French Mission's Report on Railway Electrification," General Electric Review, April, 1920.

J.J. Linebaugh, "Power-Limiting and Indicating System of the C.M. & St.P. Rwy.," General Electric Review, April, 1920.

Electrical World, "Another Stride in Railroad Electrification," March 27, 1920

Railway Age, "The St. Paul Passenger Locomotives," March 26, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "AIEE Holds Traction Meeting," March 20, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, " St. Paul Electric Service Out of Seattle Begins," March 20, 1920


Electrical World, "New Coast Electrification of Chicago, Milwaukee & Sty. Paul Opened," March, 18, 1920

Reiner Beeuwkes Manuscript and Publication, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "Coast Division Electrified," March 13, 1920.

A.F. Batchelder, S.T. Dodd, and N.W. Storer, "Two Designs for the C.M. & St. P. Locomotives," Electric Railway Journal, March 13, 1920

J.J. Linebaugh, "Short Circuit Protection for Direct Current Substations," Electric Railway Journal, March 13, 1920

B.H. Smith, "The Power Indicating and Limiting Apparatus for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway," Electrical World, March 13, 1920

A.F. Batchelder & S.T. Dodd, "Passenger Locomotives for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway", Proceedings, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, March 12, 1920

N.W. Storer, "The Baldwin-Westinghouse Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Electric Locomotives," Proceedings, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, March 12, 1920.

Electric Railway Journal, "The St. Paul Locomotives and Standardization," March 6, 1920

William H. Easton, "Electric Locomotives That Are Still Larger and More Powerful," Scientific American, March 6, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "New Power Supply for the St. Paul," March 6, 1920

Electric Traction, "Anaconda Copper Wire Advertisement," March, 1920

A.H. Armstrong, "Why Electrification is an Economic Necessity," Electric Railway Journal, February 21, 1920

Colorado Journal of Engineering, "The C.M.&St.P.'s New Locomotives," February, 1920

T.A. Durkin, Jr., "New Two Hundred Seventy-Five Ton Passenger Locomotives," Electric Traction, February, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "New Passenger Locomotives for St. Paul's Rocky Mountain Division," January 23, 1920

Electrical World, "Steam Railroad Electrification, the Spirit of the Times," January 17, 1920

Railway Age, "Electric Passenger Locomotives for the St. Paul," January 16, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "New Passenger Locomotives for the St. Paul's Rocky Mountain Division," January 3, 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "Railroad Electrification In, Before, and After 1919," January 3, 1920.

A.W. Copley, "Electric Power Supply for the Puget Sound Lines," The Electric Journal, January, 1920

Scientific American, "A Gearless Electric Locomotive," January, 1920

1919

N.W. Storer, "The Increasing Necessity for Steam Railway Electrification," Proceedings, Western Railway Club, December 19, 1919

Engineering News-Record, "Gearless Electric Locomotive Develops 115,000 Pounds Tractive Effort," December, 11, 1919

Scientific American, "Electric vs. Steam: a Tug-of-War," December 6, 1919

R.E. Ferris, "Exhibition Tests of 3000 vDC Passenger Locomotive for CM&St.P," General Electric Review, December, 1919

Railway Electrical Engineer, "CMStP Locomotives Tested at Erie," December, 1919

W.D. Bierce, "3000 vDC Passenger Locomotives for the CM&St.P," General Electric Review, December, 1919

Railway Age, "Gearless Electric Locomotive for the C.M.& St.P.," December 3, 1919

Railway and Locomotive Engineering, "Electric Locomotives for the C.M. & St. P. Railway," December, 1919

M.S. Coover, "The Development of Electric Railways," Colorado Journal of Engineering, November, 1919

W.K. McAfee, "New Electric Locomotives for C.M.&St.P.", Railway Review, November 8, 1919

Electric Railway Journal, "French Commission Returns," November 1, 1919

Electric Railway Journal, "St. Paul Locomotive Tested at Erie," November 1, 1919

Electric Railway Journal, "St. Paul's Cascade Electrification Will Soon be in Full Operation," November 1, 1919

Electric Traction, "New Gearless Passenger Locomotives for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway," November, 1919

Railway and Locomotive Engineering, "Extending Railroad Electrification," November, 1919 -- expect to complete in 1920

Electric Railway Journal, "Passenger Locomotives for St. Paul Cascade Electrification Ready for Service, October 25, 1919

Railway Age, "St. Paul Locomotive Tests at Erie," October 10, 1919

Electric Railway Journal, "Puget Sound Will Use Electricity from Spokane," September 6, 1919

Electric Railway Journal, "Milwaukee Electrification Progressing," August 2, 1919

Electric Traction,  "Duplex Dial Watthour Meter for Electric Locomotives Using Regenerative Braking," August, 1919

American Lumberman, "Fire Situation Serious in the West, CM&St.P, May Temporarily Withdraw Electric Locomotives from Service," July 12, 1919

Journal of Electricity, "Railway Electrification in Washington," April 1, 1919

American Railway Engineering Association, Committee Report on Electrification, March, 1919. Shows total power consumption of various electrification projects.

F.T. Hague, "Performance of Motor Generator Sets for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway," Electric Journal, February, 1919

Electrical Review, "Progress in Railway Electrification," January 4, 1919

W.A. Scott, "Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Electrification in Washington," Electrical Review, January 4, 1919

Electric Traction, "Power from Glaciers," January, 1919

1918

Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul v. Murray (1918) 55 Mont. 162, 174 Pac. 704 (property taxation of Electrification, how assessed)

Electric Railway Journal, "Rail Failures: a Class of Trouble Which Seems to Have Overlooked the Electric Railways," December 21, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Milwaukee Electrification Progress," November 9, 1918

Electrical Review, "County Grants Franchise for Transmission Line into Renton," Good for 38 years, November 9, 1918

Electrical Review, "Progress of CM&StP Electrification in Washington State," October 26, 1918

Gerald Smith, "The Twin Armature Motors," Electric Journal, October, 1918

Power, "Railroad Electrification and Water Supply, -- McAdoo Plan" September 17, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Progress on St. Paul Electrification Out of Seattle," September 7, 1918

C.H. Hill, "High Speed Circuit Breakers for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Electrification," General Electric Review, September, 1918.

John Walker Harrington, "Plan to Electrify All American Railroads," New York Times, August 18, 1918.

Electric Railway Journal, "Washington Water Power Company -- Spokane, Wash.," August 17, 1918

Electrical Review, "Railway Electrification Makes Progress in the Northwest," August 17, 1918

Electrical Review, "New High Speed Circuit Breakers for Heavy Direct Current Service," August 17, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Axle Generators for the St. Paul Locomotives," August 17, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Obituary -- C.A. Goodnow," August 10, 1918

Electrical Review, "Electrification Progresses Rapidly on the Milwaukee & St. Paul," August 10, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Milwaukee Electrification Proceeding," August 5, 1918

Electric Traction, "Axle Generators for the St. Paul," August, 1918

Electric Traction, "Death of Mr. Charles Allen Goodnow," August, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "High Speed Circuit Breaker Prevents Flashovers on Milwaukee Electrification," July 27, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Director General Approves Completion of Milwaukee Electrification," July 13, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Keeping Direct-Current Apparatus from Flashing," July 6, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Power Limiting System Reduces Load a Maximum of 30 per Cent," July 6, 1918

J.J. Linebaugh and J.L. Burnham, "Protection from Flashing for Direct-current Apparatus," General Electric Review, July, 1918.

Harry Esty Dounce, "John D. Ryan," World's Work, July, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Substation Equipment for the St. Paul's New Electrification," June 21, 1918.

W.F. Coors, "Regenerative Braking on the Locomotives of the C.M.&St.P. Ry," General Electric Review, June, 1918.

Literary Digest, "Master-minds who will Speed Up our Sea and Air Fleets," Bio of John D. Ryan, May 11, 1918

A.H. Armstrong, "3000-Volt Gearless Locomotive for the St. Paul," General Electric Review, May, 1918

New York Times, "No St. Paul Dividend," March 29, 1918

F.H. Shepard, "266-Ton Locomotive for the St. Paul," Electric Railway Journal, March 23, 1918

A.H. Armstrong, "3000-Volt Gearless Locomotive for the St. Paul," Electric Railway Journal, March 23, 1918.

Railway Age, "Four Improved Types of Electric Locomotives," March 22, 1918

E.W. Rice, Jr., "Railway Electrification as a Means of Saving Fuel and Relieving Freight Congestion," General Electric Review, March, 1918.

Electric Railway Journal, "New Passenger Locomotive for the St. Paul," February 23, 1918.

Electrical Review, "Progress on Holter Dam Construction," February 23, 1918

Railway Age, "Most Powerful Electric Passenger Locomotives," February 1, 1918

Electric Journal, "The Value of Electric Power In Relieving Coal Shortage," February, 1918

W.R. Stinemetz, "The New Passenger Locomotives," Electric Journal, February, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Auburn, Washington Ordinance Permitting CM&StP Electrification," January 19, 1918

Electric Railway Journal, "Developments in Electrical Apparatus in 1917," January 5, 1918

Electrical Review, "Electric Railroads," January 5, 1918. "The first railway in this country to appreciate and utilize the advertising value accruing from electrification."

F.H. Sheppard, "Further Railway Electrification Important," Electric Railway Journal, January 5, 1918

John Liston, "Some Developments in the Electrical Industry in 1917," General Electric Review, January, 1918.

Electric Traction, "GE and Westinghouse Developments During 1917," January, 1918

Journal of the Railway Signal Association, "A.C. Signaling, C.M.& St.P. Ry, Ringling to Finlen," 1918

1917

Electrical Review, "Western Red Cedar Poles," December 29, 1917

Electrical Review, "Champions of Better Service, National Fuse Ad," December 29, 1917

Electrical Review, "St. Paul Splits Contracts," December 15, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "C.A. Goodnow Arrives in Seattle," December 1, 1917

Journal of Electricity, "Present Status of Railway Electrification," December 1, 1917

W.D. Bierce, "Possibilities of Conservation of Fuel by Railway Electrification," General Electric Review, November, 1917, Part VI

H.M. Hobart, "Electrical Machinery Tests and Specifications," General Electric Review, November, 1917 -- how the MG sets were rated.

W.D. Bierce, "The Operation of Railway Substations Without Attendants," General Electric Review, November, 1917

Electrical  Review, "Further St. Paul Electrification Contracts Let," November 24, 1917

S.T. Dodd, "Railway Electrification," Report of the Conservation Board of Canada, November 27, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "St. Paul's Contract for Power," November 10, 1917

New York Times, "Urges Electricity as Coal Conserver," November 4, 1917

G. M. Eaton, "St. Paul Orders Equipment for Cascade Electrification," Electric Railway Journal, November 3, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "What Could be Done with Coal," October 27, 1917

Electrical Review,  "St. Paul Electrification Satisfactory," October 20, 1917

Electrical Review, "Effective Fuel Conservation," October 20, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Electrification Efficient, Economical and Satisfactory," October 13, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Tacoma Jct Substation Construction to Start," September 29, 1917

Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul, "The King of the Rails," September 20, 1917.  "Power for the Cascade Zone will be furnished by the Intermountain Power Company ...".

W.F. Coors, "Making an Electric Locomotive Engineer Out of a Steam Locomotive Engineer," General Electric Review, September, 1917

L.B. Porter, "Electric Light Signals on the C.M.&St.P.," Railway Signal Engineer, September, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Construction of Tacoma Substation to Begin," August 18, 1917

Electrical Review, "Water Power, Railroads and Electrification -- The Government's Part," August 18, 1917

Electrical Review, "New Electrification to be Undertaken by St. Paul," August 18, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Goodnow VP of St. Paul," August 18, 1917

Electrical Review, "Great Northern to Electrify, Libby to West," July 21, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Long Distance Transmission in Heavy Electric Traction," July 21, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Milwaukee Electric Divisions to Consolidate," July 21, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Equipment for St. Paul's New Electrified Division," July 21, 1917

Electrical Review, "Montana Power Company's System," July 14, 1917

The AU Sable News, "The King of the Rails," July, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Bids Asked for Cascade Electrification," June 9, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Milwaukee Issues Descriptive Booklet," June 9, 1917.  The Dawn of the Electrical Era in Railroading

Electric Railway Journal, "St. Paul to Rush Electrification," May 26, 1917

Electrical Review and Western Electrician, "C.M. & St. P. to Extend Electrification of Its Lines," May 26, 1917

Electrical Review and Western Electrician, "Extension to C.M. & St. P. Railway Electrification Progressing," May 26, 1917

K.R. Hare, "St. Paul to Electrify Over Cascade Mountains," General Electric Review, May, 1917

R. Beeuwkes, "Operating Results From the Electrification of the Trunk Line of the C., M. & St. P. Ry," General Electric Review, May, 1917

A.H. Armstrong, "Conservation of Railway Resources," General Electric Review, May, 1917

General Electric Review, Editorial,  "The World's Railways and Electrification," May 1917

The Journal of Electrical Workers and Operators, "LU No. 77 Seattle, Wash.," May, 1917 -- negotiations between Goodnow, Beeuwkes and unionizing the electrification workers

Electric Railway Journal, "Mr. Goodnow at Seattle," April 14, 1917

R. Beeuwkes, "Operating Data on the Milwaukee," Electric Railway Journal, March 24, 1917

Electrical Review and Western Electrician, "Chilean Locomotives Patterned After Milwaukee Type," March 17, 1917

The Literary Digest, "The St. Paul Electrification," March 3, 1917

Electrical Review and Western Electrician, "When Will the Price of Copper Decline?" March 3, 1917

W.D. Bierce, "Knocking Down a 120 Ton Electric Locomotive for Export," General Electric Review, March, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Great Northern Considering Electrifying," February 24, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Extension of Milwaukee Electrification," February 3, 1917

Electrical Review and Western Electrician, "The Advertising Value of Electrification," February 3, 1917

Electric Traction, "Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Will Extend Electrification to Seattle," February, 1917

Electrical Review and Western Electrician, "Illinois Electric Ry Association Holds Annual Meeting," January 17, 1917 -- "King of the Rails" shown

Engineering and Contracting, "Progress in Railway Electrification," January 17, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "Movie, King of the Rails, to be Shown," January 13, 1917

Electric Railway Journal, "The Year in Heavy Traction," January 6, 1917

General Electric Review, "Some Developments in the Electrical Industry in 1916." January, 1917

1916

Electric Railway Journal, "Operation on the Milwaukee," December 30, 1916

Engineering and Contracting, "Why Electrification of Railways Will Make Work for Railroad Contractors," December 20, 1916

Electrical Review, "Recent Advances in Montana Power Stock Due to Great Northern Electrification Developments," December 16, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "A Belgian Engineer's Idea of Heavy Traction," December 2, 1916

A.C. Irwin, "Electrification of Four Mountain Divisions of the C.M. & St. P.," The Cornell Civil  Engineer, December, 1916

A.F. Batchelder, 'Mechanical Features of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul's Electric Locomotives," Railway Review, November 25, 1916

Engineering News, "The Longest Railway Tunnel in the World," November 16, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "Axle-Mounted Motors on Flexible Track," November 11, 1916

Engineering News, "Successful Train Braking with Electric Motors," November 9, 1916

Special Issue, General Electric Review, Milwaukee Road Electrification, November, 1916.

George P. Roux, "Electric Power Transmission Economics," General Electric Review, November, 1916.

Electrical Review, "Great Northern to Electrify West of Spokane," October 28, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "Mechanical and Electrical Features of CM&StP Locomotives," October 26, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "Mechanical and Electrical Features of the CMStP Locomotives," October 21, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "Axle-Mounted Motors on the Milwaukee," October 21, 1916

J. Frank Sprague, "The Engineering Development of the Electric Railway," Electric Railway Journal, October 14, 1916

Harley Nehf, "The Concentration of Water Powers," Journal of Political Economy, October, 1916.

Electrical Review, "Pole Lines of the C.M. & St.P.," September 30, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "Electric Service Over the Rockies," September 16, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "New Signal Installations on Electrified Steam Roads," September 2, 1916

Railway Signaling Engineer, "Signaling the Milwaukee's Electric Zone," September, 1916

"Electrification on the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway," The Engineer, August 25, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "High Power Incandescent Headlight," August 19, 1916

"Electrification on the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway," The Engineer, August 18, 1916

Electrical Review, "Mountain Electrification Proves Complete Success," July 22, 1916

General Electric Advertisement, "Twenty-one Years of Electrification," Railway Age, July 21, 1916.

E.S. Johnson, "An Epoch-making Railway Electrification," Journal of the Cleveland Engineering Society, July, 1916.

Engineering Record, "Advantages of St. Paul Electrification Show," July 8, 1916

Railway Age, "Operation of the St. Paul Electrification," July 7, 1916.

Engineering News, "Electric Traction a Success on CM&St.P Ry," July 6, 1916

The Electrical News, "Experience on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway where 220 miles have been operating for 6 months at 3000 volts," July 1, 1916

Electrical Age, "The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul R.R. Electrification," July, 1916

AERA, "About the C.M.&St.P. Electrification," July, 1916

General Electric Company, "The Dawn of the Electrical Era in Railroading," 1916.

The American Review of Reviews, "The Electrification of Trunk Lines," June, 1916

A.H. Armstrong, "Electric Operation on the St. Paul," Electric Railway Journal, June 17, 1916

Literary Digest, "Northwest Roads," June 3, 1916 -- describing passenger services to the PNW; St. Paul Electrification

A.J. Marshall, "Engineers See End of Steam Railways - Electrification of the Mountain Division of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Proves the Great Advantage of Electric Power," The Electrical News, June 1, 1916

N.W. Storer, "The Use of Direct Current for Terminal and Trunk Line Electrification," Electric Journal, May, 1916

Railway Age, "Operation of the St. Paul Electrification," April 28, 1916.

New York Times, "Electric Trains Over the Mountains," April 23, 1916.

Electric Railway Journal, "AIEE Discusses Tendencies in High-voltage DC Railway Practice," April 22, 1916

 Electrical Review, "Railway Operation with High Direct Voltages," April 22, 1916

The Literary Digest, "The St. Paul Electrification," April 15, 1916 

Michigan Manufacturing and Financial Record, "Operating a Railway System with Electricity," April 15, 1916

Clarence Renshaw, "High Voltage DC Railway Practice," Proceedings, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, April 14, 1916

Proceedings, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, "Development of Water Power and the Development of Electrochemical Industries," April 14, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "The Dawn of the Electrical Era in Railroading Advertising Published," April 1, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "Advertising Electrification to Tourists," April 1, 1916

The Railroad Telegrapher, "C.M.&St.P. Ry Division No. 23," April, 1916

General Electric Company, "An Epoch in Railway Electrification," March, 1916

N.W. Storer, "The Electrification of Transportation Lines," The Electrical Journal, March, 1916

Great Falls Power Co. Letter to C.A. Goodnow -- Using more Power than provided for in Contract, March 27, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "Unevaluated Factors in Railway Electrification," March 4, 1916

L.C. Josephs, Jr., "Switching Locomotives for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway," General Electric Review, March, 1916 

Electric Railway Journal, "Salvage Values in Electrification," February 26, 1916

Dun's Review, "The World's Largest Electric Locomotives," February, 1916

Railway Age, "Formal Opening of the St. Paul Electrification," January 7, 1916. 

Electric Railway Journal, "New Electric Railway Track Built in 1915," January 1, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "St. Paul Electrification in the Movies," January 1, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "Developments in Railway Electrification," E.H. McHenry, "Some Aspects of Heavy Electric Traction,' A.H. Armstrong, "Opportunities for Electrification," F.H. Shepard, "Considerations in Railway Power Distribution," January 1, 1916

Electric Railway Journal, "Electrification for Freight Service," January 1, 1916

Marston Curtis, "Electrification Work of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Ry, From Harlowton, Montana to Avery, Idaho," a Thesis, the Armour Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois, 1916. Original Blueprints of Construction.

1915

George Gibbs, "Progress in Railway Electrification," Railway Age, December, 31, 1915

The Literary Digest, "Electrification on a Transcontinental Railroad," December 25, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "The St. Paul Locomotive Tests," December 18, 1915.

Railway Age, "St. Paul Electrification Tests," December 17, 1915.

Railway Review, "Test of Regenerative Braking of Electric Locomotives," December 11, 1915

The Economist, "Ryan Telegram to Montana Power Headquarters in New York, St. Paul Locomotive Tests Unqualified Success," December 11, 1915

Railway Age, "Tests of Operation," December 10, 1915. Tests up to 70 mph.

Railway Age, "St. Paul Electrification Tests," December 3, 1915.

E.S. Johnson, "The First 3,000 Volt Locomotive for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Co.," General Electric Review, December, 1915.

Electric Railway Journal, " Locomotive Mileage and Electrification," November 27, 1915

Death of Max Hebgen, Mining Journal, November, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Exhibition of St. Paul Locomotives," November 20, 1915.

Marston Curtis, "The Transmission and Contact Systems Used on the Electrified Divisions of the CM&StP Ry Co," The Armour Engineer, November, 1915

Correspondence, Start Up, 1915-1916

"Electrification on the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway," The Engineer, November 12, 1915

Scientific American, "Three Thousand Volt Direct-Current Electric Locomotive," November 6, 1915.

Railway Review, "Progress in the Electrification of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway," October 30, 1915

Engineering News, "C.M.&St.P. Electrification Progresses Rapidly," October 28, 1915

The Engineering Record, "St. Paul Electrification Progressing Rapidly," October 23, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Progress on C.M.&St.P. Electrification," October 16, 1915

"Electrification of 440.5 Miles of the St. Paul," Railway Age, October 15, 1915.

"Delivery of Electric Locomotives for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul," Railway Review, October 9, 1915

"Annual Report, C.M.&St.P., -- Electrification to be Operational Summer, 1916," Railway Review, September 18, 1915

"Water Power Utilization in the West," Electrical Review, September 11, 1915

"Electrification on the C.M. & St. P.," Railway Review, September 4, 1915

"Transmission System of the Electrified Divisions, C.M. & St. P.," Railway Review, August 14, 1915

"The Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Electric Locomotives," The Engineer, August 13, 1915

"Electric Locomotives," Railway Age, August 6, 1915 -- gearless electric not suitable for Milwaukee

J.B. Cox, "Contact System of the Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway," General Electric Review, August, 1915

A.H. Armstrong, "The Operation and Rating of the Electric Locomotive," General Electric Review, August, 1915

Railway Review, "Electrification of Terminal Line at Great Falls, Mont., Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway," July 10, 1915

E.S. Johnson, "High Voltage Direct-Current Substation Machinery," General Electric Review, July, 1915

A.H. Armstrong, "The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Locomotives," General Electric Review, July, 1915

W.D. Bierce, "The 1500 Volt Electrification of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway," General Electric Review, July, 1915

A.H. Armstrong, "The Electric Locomotive," Journal of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, July, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Electrification of the Great Falls Terminal of the C.M. & St.P," June 19, 1915

Electrical Review," Electrification of the Great Falls Terminal," June 19, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "More Notes on Regenerative Braking," June 12, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Mr. Sprague on Regenerative Braking" (the history of regeneration), June 5, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Fool Proof Locomotives," June 5, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Locomotives," June 5, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Heavy Electric Traction Discussion," May 22, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Line Construction on the CM&St.P Electrification, May 15, 1915Literary Digest, "Must Steam Traction Go?" May 1, 1915

Literary Digest, "St. Paul's Electrification System," April 15, 1915

Engineering, "Regenerating Electric Ore Railroad," April, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Electrical Night at the NY RR Club," March 27, 1915

Mining and Engineering World, "Hydro Plants of the Montana Power Company," -- talk by John D. Ryan regarding the St. Paul Contracts, March 23, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, Electrification Discussed," March 20, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Energy Regeneration in Heavy Traction, March 13, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Additional Orders for Substation Equipment and Locomotives," February 27, 1915

"Electrification on the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway," The Engineer, January 29, 1915

Scientific American, "A Great Railway Electrification Project," January 23, 1915

Mining and Engineering World, "St. Paul Electrification Progressing, NP Studying Electrification over Homestake Pass," January 23, 1915

Mining and Engineering World, "Electrification on the Puget Sound Lines of the St. Paul Railway," and "The Anaconda Company Declares Butte an 'Open Camp'," January 23, 1915

D.B. Robertson, "Progress Made in Electrification of Railroads and Economies Effected Therefrom," January 18, 1915, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers

Engineering News, "Electric Traction on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Ry," January 15, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "Experiences with 2400-Volt Locomotives," January 15, 1915

Mining and Engineering World, "Anaconda Smelter to Accommodate Big St. Paul Contract,' January 9, 1915

Electric Railway Journal, "High Voltage DC Railway Equipments," January 2, 1915

Electrical Review, "Electric Railroads," January 2, 1915

Mining and Engineering World, "Electric Railroads," January 2, 1915

E.E. Kimball, "The 2400-Volt Railway of the Bethlehem-Chile Iron Mines Company," General Electric Review, January, 1915

General Electric Review, "Paths of Progress," January, 1915

The Railroad Worker, "Electrification of the Mountain Division of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway,' January, 1916

A. H. Armstrong, "The Electrification of the Puget Sound Lines of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway," General Electric Review, January, 1915

1914

Iron Age, "Operations at the Tofo Iron Mines, Chile, in 1914," December 24, 1914 -- 2400 vDC installation

Railway Age, "Extensive Electrification on the St. Paul," 1914, 57:25.

Electric Railway Journal, "Operating Plans for the Electrified Divisions of the CM&St.P," December 19, 1914

United States Senate Hearings, "Water Power Bill, Testimony of former Secretary of the Interior, Walter Fisher, December 19, 1914

United States Senate Hearings, "Water Power Bill, Testimony of John D. Ryan," December 9, 1914

The Engineering Record, "Contract for Equipment for Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Electrification," November 28, 1914

Electric Railway Journal, "The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Electrification," November 21, 1914

Mining and Engineering World, "St. Paul to Electrify Rocky Mountain Section," November 21, 1914

Electric Railway Journal, "St. Paul Electrification Plans Unaltered," November 14, 1914

General Electric Company, Contract and Specifications, Substation Equipment, Morel, Janney, Piedmont, Eustis, Locomotive Specifications, 3,000 volt DC freight and passenger locomotives, November 9, 1914

New York Times, "To Electrify Road," November 8, 1914

Electric Railway Journal, "Higher Voltage Direct Current," November 7, 1914

General Electric Review, November, 1914, "Special Number on Electric Traction."

  • Editorial : The Paths of Progress

  • Development in Electric Traction  By W. B. POTTER

  • The Possibilities of an Electrical Commission, by FRANK J. SPRAGUE

  • Co-ordination in Railway Equipment . By L. B. STILLWELL

  • The Financial Aspect of Steam Railroad Electrification . By WILLIAM J. CLARK

  • Electric Suburban Service of the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad By EDWIN B. KATTE

  • Economies of Steam Road Electrification . By A. H. ARMSTRONG

  • Rail Sections as One Element in Steam and Electric Traction By P. H. DUDLEY

  • The Electrical Operation of the Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway, By J. B. Cox

  • The Canadian Northern Tunnel and Terminal Electrification, By W. C. LANCASTER

  • High Voltage Direct Current Railways, By G. H. HILL

  • The Operation of the Oregon Electric Railway, By  L . B . WICKERSHAM

  • The Baltimore & Ohio Electrification, By J. H. DAVIS

  • Design of Motors for Heavy Traction Work, BY E. D. PRIEST

  • The Interurban Railways of the Illinois Traction System, BY H. E. CHUBBUCK

  • The Maintenance and Operation of the Detroit River Tunnel, BY J. C. MocK

  • The Operation of the Third-Rail System of the New York State Railways, BY GEORGE N. BROWN

  • Types and System of Drives of Electric Locomotives, BY A F  BATCHELDER

  • A Description of the Physical Characteristics of the Dallas, Waco & Corsicana Interurban Railway BY LUTHER DEAN

  • Current Collection, BY F. E. CASE

  • A Review of Some European Electric Locomotive Designs, BY S. T. Dodd

  • A Review of American Steam Road Electrifications, BY JOHN A. DEWHURST

The International Socialist Review, "Good News From Montana," October, 1914,. IWW strike against Electrification work

J.B. Cox, "The Electrical Operation of the Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway", Proceedings, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, September 10, 1914

Electrification Department Notes on 1906 Contract with Columbia and Puget Sound Railroad (Pacific Coast Railway)

Electric Railway Journal, "Poles for the C.M. & St.P. Electrification," August 1, 1914

Electric Railway Journal, "Butte Electrification Project Held Up," July 25, 1914

Electric Railway Journal, "St. Paul Electrification Report," July 4, 1914

"The Electrification of the Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway," General Electric Review, July, 1914

New York Times, "Copper Men Look Ahead," June 14, 1914

Literary Digest, "Over the Rockies by Electricity," May 23, 1914

Electrical Review, "Economies Anticipated in the St. Paul Electrification," April 18, 1914

Electric Railway Journal, "Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway Electrification," March 14, 1914

Journal of Electricity, Power & Gas,  "Electrification of the Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway," March 14, 1914

Electrical Review, "The Electrification of the Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway," March 14, 1914

Engineering News, "Traction Plans of the CM&St.P," February 12, 1914

Journal of Electricity, Power & Gas, "Partial Electrification of Rocky Mountain Division," January 17, 1914

Engineering Record, "Electrical Equipment for the CM&St.P," January 3, 1914

Electric Railway Journal, "Electric Equipment for the Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound Electrification," January 3, 1914

Electrical Review, "Electric Railways," January 2, 1914

Railway Age, "Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Mountain Line Electrification," January 2, 1914, "to be at 2400 volts."

A.H. Armstrong, "The Engineering Problem of Electrificaton," General Electric Review, January, 1914

1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound Electrification," December 27, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Driving Systems of Electric Locomotives," December 27, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "The Choice of Electrification for the Concrete Case," December 27, 1913

A.H. Armstrong, "The Engineering Problem of Electrification," Electric Railway Journal, December 20, 1913

Railway World, "Main Line Electrification of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul" December, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Main-line Electrification of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul in Montana," November 29, 1913

Water Power Chronicles, "Electrification of Railways," November, 1913 -- Electrification of Milwaukee and GN

Allen H. Babcock, "Mountain Railway Electrification: A Study of Tehachapi Pass", Proceedings, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, September 9-11, 1913

Literary Digest, "The Electrification of Railways," August 30, 1913

The New York Times, "Railroads Plan Electrification for Big Distances," July 13, 1913.

Railway World, "Progress in Electrification," July, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Electrification Progress in the United States," "Locomotives for the Butte, Anaconda & Pacific," June 7, 1913

Railway World, "Additional Details Concerning St. Paul Electrification," June, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Electrification Progress in the United States," June 7, 1913

Electrical Review, "Railway Electrification," May 31, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Division Points for Locomotives," May 24, 1913

Engineering & Contracting, "GE and Westinghouse Working On Estimates," May 21, 1913

Railway Age, "C.M.&St.P. Electrification Through the Rocky Mountains," May 2, 1913

Railway Employes' Journal, "Railway Electrification on the St. Paul," May, 1913

G.F. Stratton and A. Chapman, "To Electrify Mountain Roads," The Technical World, April, 1913 -- Ryan comments

Electric Railway Journal, "Great Northern Railway Electrification Work," April 5, 1913

Railway World, "Great Northern Not to Electrify West of Spokane," April, 1913

Railway World, "St. Paul to Use Overhead Trolley System," April, 1913

Electrical Review, "GN to Electrify West of Spokane," March 22, 1913

Electrical Review, "St. Paul to Purchase Washington Water Power to Supply Electrification  Between Avery, Id and Columbia River," March 8, 1913

Railway World, "Additional Details Concerning St. Paul's Electrification Project," March, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Purchased Power for the Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound Electrification," February 15, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Power Contract for a Trunk Line Electrification," February 15, 1913

The Independent, "Water Power for Western Railways," February 13, 1913

Electrical World, "Contract Between the Great Falls Power Co. and the Puget Sound Railway," February 8, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Electrification of the Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound Railroad," February 1, 1913

Railway World, "Electrification of Steam Roads," February, 1913

American Forestry, "The Conservation Movement," February, 1913, comments by Interior Secretary Walter Fisher on the Milwaukee contracts, comments also by Ryan and Earling

Railway Journal, "Electric Power on the St. Paul," February, 1913

Electrical Review," Transmission Line From Great Falls for Puget Sound Electrification," January 25, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Great Northern Railway Electrification in Montana," January 18, 1913

Engineering News, "Electric Traction on the Puget Sound," January 16, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "Electrification Plan of the Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound Railway," January 11, 1913

Electric Railway Journal, "New Mountain Electrification," January 11, 1913

Electrical Review and Western Electrician, "Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound to Electrify 450 Miles of Mountain Division," January 11, 1913

A. H. Armstrong, "Steam Road Electrifications," N.H. Storer, "The Development of the Electric Railway Motor," Electric Railway Journal, January 4, 1913

1912

US Bureau of the Census, Summary of Electrical Industries, "Power Rate for Puget Sound Railway," 1912

Financial World, "Consolidation of Montana Power Company Interests, St. Paul Contracts," December 14, 1912

C.L. De Muralt, "Aspects of Steam Railway Electrification," Railway Age, October 4, 1912

Electric Railway Journal, "Overhead on the Butte, Anaconda & Pacific," August 31, 1912

1910

General Electric Co., "Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound Railway: Engineering Report on the Electrification of the Rocky Mountain Division", July 11, 1910

George Gibbs, "Cost of Electric Operation of Steam Railways," Engineering News, March 31, 1910.

Electric Railway Journal, "The Accident on the Great Northern," March 19, 1910

Electric Railway Journal, "Electrification of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St.Paul Railroad in Far West," March 6, 1909

Scientific American, "The Extension of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway to the Pacific Coast," February 20, 1909, p. 151.

Electric Railway Journal, "The Single Phase System in the Year 1909," January 1, 1910

Electric Railway Journal, "Heavy Electric Traction Projects for 1909," January 1, 1910, failure of generators shuts down GN Electrification

1909

W.R. Prosser, "Electricity Doubles Tunnel Capacity," The Technical World, December, 1909 -- The interest of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul officials in developing water power along their 1,200 mile extension to Puget Sound undoubtedly stimulated James J. Hill to completion of long considered plans for the Great Northern's utilization of [water power].

Electrical Review, "The Electric System of the Great Northern Railway Cascade Tunnel," November 20, 1909

Railway World, "Railroad Development in the Northwest," August 27, 1909

Electrical Review, "St. Paul Electrification Plans Delayed," July 17, 1909

Electrical Review, "The Advantages of Electrification," June 19, 1909

Electrical Review, "Santa Fe Electrification Proposed" June 12, 1909

Electrical Review, "Electrification of Railroads," May 22, 1909

Letter, Ryan to Ross, financing Rainbow Dam, April 20, 1909

Electrical Review, "NP and St. Paul Electrification Projects in Montana," April 17, 1909

Railway World, "Power Plants for the St. Paul," April 16, 1909

Electric Railway Journal, "Electrical Night at the New York Railroad Club," March 27, 1909

Electrical Railway Journal," Electrification of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad in the Far West,"  March 6, 1909

Electric Trunk Line Age, "The St. Paul Electrification," March, 1909, p. 143

"Electrification of the Mountain Division of the St. Paul Extension," Electrical World, February 7, 1909

Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen's Magazine, "Three phase Electric Locomotives for the GN," February, 1909

Henry Hyde, "Who Owns the Earth: the New Monopoly in Water Power," The Technical World, February, 1909 -- discussion of Milwaukee project on the St. Joe

Electrical Review, "Electric Railroading," January 2, 1909

1908

Railway and Engineering Review, "Great Northern Electrification," December 5, 1908

Letter, Williams to Ross, regarding use of "pole line" between Fish Creek and the Bitterroot Tunnel, "impractical," December 4, 1908

"Water Power Helps Build a Railroad," The Fruit-Grower, December, 1908

Telegram, Williams to Ross, turning down request to use Milwaukee's "pole line" November 12, 1908

Letter, Ross to Williams, obtaining deeds for Fish Creek Dam project, September 20, 1908

Letter, Williams to Ross, Problems obtaining NP land for "Fish Creek Dam" project, September 4, 1908

William Thorton Prosser, "Railways Divide a New Kingdom" The Technical World, August, 1908

1908, John D. Ryan's letter to an associate about the Anaconda Company's interest in water power

Letter, H.R. Williams to Kenneth Ross, re: Dam and Reservoir site on the Missoula River, July 14, 1908.

Letter, H.R. Williams to Kenneth Ross, re: Milwaukee purchasing Anaconda Company's Flowage Rights, July 13, 1908.

Magazine of Wall Street, "St. Paul Electrification -- St. Joe River," June, 1908

The Ticker, "Railway Electrification," May 1908,1:2.

F.G. Moorhead, "Crossing the Great Divide by Electricity," World's Work, April, 1908.

Electric Trunk Line Age, "The Cascade Tunnel," January, 1908, p. 39.

1907

Electrical Review, "Comparative Performances of Steam and Electric Locomotives," November 16, 1907

Electrical Review, "St. Paul Railroad to Electrify Bitterroot Division," October 5, 1907

New York Times, "Electric Link in St. Paul Extension," September 28, 1907.

Electrical Journal, "Electric Traction in America: St. Paul Hydroelectric Project," September 6, 1907

Electrical Review, "Possible Electrification of the Southern Pacific Railway," August 31, 1907

Railway World, "The St. Paul's Big Project," August 23, 1907

Electric Railway Review, "Electricity for the St. Paul Road," August 17, 1907

Railway and Engineering Review, "St. Paul Electric Development on the St. Joe River," August 3, 1907

Journal of Electricity, Power and Gas, "Power and Light," July 27, 1907

Articles of Incorporation of the Idaho Water and Electric Power Company, May 15, 1907

Sheldon Bebee, "Putting the Mountains to Work," The Technical World, February, 1907 -- Harriman and Electrification

1906

"Notes on the Agreement between the Columbia and Puget Sound Ry and the CM& St.P." dated May 21, 1906

1898

Hill Letterbook, James J. Hill Archives, Series P, 1877-1916
1898 September 26. Hill to Marcus Daly. Showing Daly a proposed dam at Coulter's Falls below the town of Great Falls: "We have under consideration a plan for using from twenty to thirty thousand horsepower on electric locomotives which, if successful, will enable us to use electricity between Havre and Clancy including the line between Belt and Neihart.

"If our plan works out as well as it promises and electric locomotives can be used on railways, it will give an enormous impetus to the use of copper for transmission.

Proposes selling cheap power to Daly. P. 433.

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